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Tuesday, September 16, 2008

Q) The figure below shows the acceleration-time graph of a particle moving along a straight line. After what time does the particle acquire its initial velocity?




A) Let initial velocity be u

At t =1, velocity = u + at = u + 2

For t >= 1, da/dt = -2 ....(slope)

Using point-slope form of equation of straight line:

(a-2) = (-2)(t-1)

a = 4 - 2t

dv/dt = 4 -2t

V = 4t -t^2 + C

at t = 1, we have V = u+2, so C= u-1

so V = 4t - t^2 + U -1

So for V to equal U:

t^2 - 4t + 1 = 0

t = 2 + root(3) seconds.

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